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Education

Primary Resources available for Educators

We offer you and your students a better understanding and sense of the local history with these primary sources from our collection. Document analysis develops higher order thinking and critical thinking skills essential for every student. While this is merely a survey of documents we can provide to you, we encourage you to request resources not contained in this list. Upon special request, actual documents can be made available to view during a scheduled visit to the Schwenkfelder Library & Heritage Center.

Our topics include:

These documents include photographs from the H. Winslow Fegley collection, letters written and exchanged in the 18th century, diaries, almanacs, government documents, and more. While most of our archival holdings are in the German language, we have a selection of correspondence transcribed and translated for today's readers of German and English. Email our Museum Educator, Alyssa McQuirns- alyssa@schwenkfelder.com today!

History of Printing

1492 Bible Printed by Anton Koberger; Pre-Reformation

This 1492 bible is an example of printing before 1501, known as an incunabula. Anton Koberger's printing shop in Nuremburg, Germany was the center of publishing in Europe towards the end of the 15th century. Koberger printed many of Albrecht Durer's woodcut illustrations, and is most known for publishing the Nuremburg Chronicle. Available to teachers as: .jpg selections

Immigration Documents and Immigrant Accounts

Journals and Papers of David Schultz

April 19, 1733, to September 29, 1733 At 16 years of age, David Schultz was a passenger on the immigrant vessel, the Pennsylvania Merchant that brought eleven Schwenkfelders to Pennsylvania. Included in his papers is a record of the Journey of the Schwenkfelders from Herrnhut and Plymouth to Philadelphia in the year 1733. Available to teachers as .doc, .jpg selections, and The Journals and Papers of David Shultze Volume I and II, published in 1952 by the Schwenkfelder Library, in a hardbound copy can be loaned to teachers.

1734 Oath of Allegiance

This 1734 document was signed by the Schwenkfelders as a pledge of their allegiance to His Majesty King George II and his successors upon their arrival in Philadelphia. Available to teachers as a .jpg

Account by 16 year old Christopher Schultz

This account of the 1734 Journey of the Schwenkfelders from Altoona to Philadelphia 1734 as included in the appendix of the Schwenkfelder publication Die Erläuterung- The Vindication of Caspar Schwenckfeld von Ossig, 1771 (pg.321). Christopher Schultz was a passenger on the St. Andrew, the transatlantic vessel that carried the largest number of Schwenkfelder emigrants in 1734.. Available to teachers as .doc

1734 Account by Christopher Wiegner

Christopher Wiegner's account of the journey of the Schwenkfelders from the German town of Berthelsdorf to Rotterdam in the Netherlands to board the St. Andrew destined for Philadelphia. Available to teachers as .doc

1734 Account by David Seibt

Seibt writes a letter to a relative who did not emigrate, in which he describes a chronological series of events during the immigration as well as his initial experiences in Pennsylvania. Available to teachers as .doc

Schwenkfelder Community Establishment: Religious life

1762 Schwenkfelder Hymnal

This 1762 Schwenkfelder hymnal was the first published collection of hymns specifically for use in Schwenkfelder congregations. Available to teachers as: .jpg selections, selected transcriptions and translations of hymns by Allen Viehmeyer in .doc and .pdf format

1763 Schwenkfelder Catechism

The 1763 Catechism was written by Schwenkfelder spiritual leader Christopher Schultz for school-aged Schwenkfelders. The catechism exists in a question and answer format. Available to teachers as selected .jpg, excerpts available as transcription and translation in English.

1764 Certain Agreements and Fundamental Articles for the Establishment and Support of a School System in the District of Skippack and Goschenhoppen

Written by Christopher Schultz, this document discusses the establishment of the Schwenkfelder school system. Available to teachers as .jpg and .pdf

1851 Schwenkfelder Constitution and Bi-laws

The 1851 Schwenkfelder Constitution written by Joshua Schultz contains rules, regulations and bi-laws of the Schwenkfelder church. This printed constitution includes passages from the 1782 constitution and solidified the Schwenkfelder church and community's presence in the 19th century. Available to teachers as .jpg and .pdf selections.

Farming

1726-1760 Journals and Papers of David Shultz

Shultz' journals and papers contain almanacs, tax lists, historical events, and reference farming practices. David Schultz was a surveyor in the Schwenkfelder community in the region from the Lehigh Valley to Norriton, Pennsylvania. Available to teachers as .pdf, selected .jpgs; the Journals and Papers of David Shultze Volume I and II, published in 1952 by the Schwenkfelder Library, is available to teachers on loan.

Early 20th Century H. Winslow Fegley Photograph Collection

These photographs document various farming and cultural practices of the PA Germans in the early 1900s. Images of women, men, and children in various occupations and activities document regional life in the Hereford and Goschenhoppen region. Available to teachers as .jpg; The book Farming Always Farming featuring H. Winslow Fegley's photographs and an essay about his work, is available to teachers on loan.

18th Century Life

1740-1790 Collection of Rosina (Drescher) Hoffmann's Correspondence

Rosina Hoffmann kept a correspondence with relatives who did not emigrate from Germany. The correspondence is reflective of daily life, health and illness, personal matters of faith, and family life of both American colonists and Germans in the 18th century. Rosina Hoffmann's husband, Christoph Hoffmann, also maintained a transatlantic correspondence. Available to teachers as .doc, .pdf and a hard copy is available printed with a comb binding, translated from German to English by Allen Viehmeyer

1756-1790 Collection of Christoph Hoffmann's Correspondence

Letters to and from Christoph to relatives in Silesia. The correspondence is reflective of daily life, health and illness, personal matters of faith, and family life of both American colonists and Germans in the 18th century. Christoph Hoffmann's wife , Rosina Hoffmann, also maintained a transatlantic correspondence. Available to teachers as .doc; translated from German to English by Allen Viehmeyer; German transcription available.

European and Native American relations during the Colonial period

1758 Christopher Schultz' record of remarks during the Treaty of Easton

Schwenkfelder minister and community leader Christopher Schultz recorded remarks made by Chief Papunahoal at the Treaty of Easton, in October 1758 in Easton, Pennsylvania. Available to teachers as .jpg

Selections from the Journals and Papers of David Shultz 1726-1760, Volume 1

Schwenkfelder David Shultz comments on the massacre at Gnadenhütten in Pennsylvania in 1755, the massacres, lists of words used in the Native American culture, the development of independent guards, and encounters between the American militia and the Lenape in the Goschenhoppen and Lehigh Valley region. Available to teachers as .pdf

History of Education

Letter by Christopher Schultz, March 19, 1766 to his cousin

Schultz reflects his desires to create the parochial Schwenkfelder school system, the process of electing trustees, and reflects on the establishment of the Schwenkfelder community in Pennsylvania. Available to teachers as .doc, translated from German to English.

1764 Certain Agreements and Fundamental Articles for the Establishment and Support of a School System in the District of Skippack and Goschenhoppen

Written by Christopher Schultz, this document discusses the establishment of the Schwenkfelder school system. Available to teachers as .jpg

18th to 19th Century German-American Schoolbooks

These schoolbooks, many printed locally in Sumneytown and Harrisburg, PA, illustrate how children learned in the classroom setting. Our school books contain alphabets, syllabary, reading and writing exercises, pronunciation guides, and fundamental mathematics. Available to teachers as .jpg selections

American Revolutionary War

July 22, 1775 Letter by Christopher Schultz

Christopher Schultz notifies his friends of the activities of British General Gage, and comments on the Lexington and Concord battles in Massachusetts in April 1775 in this letter. Available to teachers as: .doc, English translation

October 28, 1774 Excerpt of Letter by Christopher Schultz to Friends in Europe

In this document, Christopher Schultz describes the limits of free trade, taxes, the strength of the citizens of Boston during the limitations imposed on them by the British government, the new appointed British General Gage, a description of the functions of the continental congresses, and the ban of English imported goods. Available to teachers as: .doc, English translation

1777 A Candid Declaration of some so-called Schwenkfelders concerning present Militia Affairs

On May 1 and 2, 1777, Schwenkfelders created and signed this declaration documenting their willingness to pay taxes but not bear arms or weapons, in opposition of the war effort. While the Schwenkfelders were pacifists, many Schwenkfelders loaned wagons to the American militia and permitted them to use their land for encampments. Available to teachers as: .doc, English translation

Selections from the Collection of Rosina (Drescher) Hoffmann's Correspondence

Rosina Hoffmann kept a correspondence with relatives who did not emigrate from Germany. The correspondence is reflective of daily life, health and illness, personal matters of faith, and family life of both American colonists and Germans in the 18th century. Rosina Hoffmann's husband, Christoph Hoffmann, also maintained a transatlantic correspondence. Available to teachers as .doc, .pdf and a hard copy is available printed with a comb binding, translated from German to English by Allen Viehmeyer

Selections from the Collection of Christoph Hoffmann's Correspondence

Letters to and from Christoph to relatives in Silesia. The correspondence is reflective of daily life, health and illness, personal matters of faith, and family life of both American colonists and Germans in the 18th century. Christoph Hoffmann's wife , Rosina Hoffmann, also maintained a transatlantic correspondence. Available to teachers as .doc, .pdf and a hard copy is available printed with a comb binding, translated from German to English by Allen Viehmeyer.

American Life in 1905 Germany

Selections from the diary of Rolland Johnson

This 1905 Diary was written by Agnes Johnson for her son Rolland, three years of age. The Johnson family, who were Schwenkfelder descendants and researchers, lived for several years in the German town of Wolfenbüttel to research family history and the history of Caspar Schwenckfeld. Available to teachers as: .doc; selected .jpgs of Johnson Family photos from 1905

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